Photoshop History (Exclusive Article)

24 Jan

Everyone has heard of the popular graphics editing software package Photoshop – a world-wide leader among raster graphics editing applications. In this article I will cover the major points of the whole history of Photoshop creation: significant dates, releases, basic improvements, and some additional tips.

Thomas Knoll Photoshop was developed and distributed by the Adobe Photoshop company. At the very beginning it was intended for editing images for print, but it has also gained popularity as a tool for creation and editing web graphics. This is another reason that it has become so popular. The last Photoshop versions also include the special application – ImageReady, which was added specifically for work with web graphics easier.

This story begins in 1987 when 2 brothers, Thomas Knoll and John Knoll started developing Photoshop. In 1989 they completed the project and called it Photoshop 1.0. Adobe became interested in this project and the first version of Photoshop was released in 1990. It was about 1.4 Mb, and could be placed on a single floppy-disk. Initially Photoshop was created for the Macintosh platform. Compatibility updates for Windows, IRIX, and Solaris was added later. At present Photoshop can be used on Windows and Macintosh platforms.

Photoshop was a real success, and in 1991 they released… Well, everything in its turn.

Adobe Photoshop 1.0 – released in February 1990 for Macintosh.

Photoshop 1.0

Adobe Photoshop 2.0 – released in June 1991 for Macintosh. Main feature – support for Paths was introduced. In January 1992 version 2.0.1. appeared and later in November 1992 with release of version 2.5 it became compatible with Windows, and in November 1993 with IRIX and Solaris.

Photoshop 2.0

Adobe Photoshop 3.0 – released in September 1994, for Macintosh. In November versions for Windows, IRIX, Solaris were released as well. Introduction of Layers and Tabbed Pallets were among its special features.

Photoshop 3.0

Adobe Photoshop 4.0 – released in November 1996 for Macintosh and Windows. Special features included – Adjustment Layers and Actions. In August 1997 version 4.0.1 was released.

Photoshop 4.0

Adobe Photoshop 5.0 – released in May 1998 for Macintosh and Windows. In this version the History Pallete, which allowed canceling multiple actions, and the Magnetic Lasso tool were added as well as improved editing Type tool. In February 1999 version 5.5 was released, this time with the integrated ImageReady. Extract tool was also added.

Photoshop 5.0

Adobe Photoshop 6.0 – released in September 2000 for Macintosh and Windows. In this version the user interface was significantly improved. Also the Liquify filter and the Vector Shapes were added. Later in March 2001 Photoshop was updated to version 6.0.1.

Photoshop 6.0

Adobe Photoshop 7.0 – released in March 2002 for Mac OS and Windows. This version comes with further improvements to the Type tool and now it is completely vector. Another added tool is introduced – Healing Brush. In August 2002 version 7.0.1 was released, here for $99, the Camera RAW 1.x. plug-in was the most important introduction. It was developed by Thomas Knoll and allowed the user to read the RAW-formats of different digital cameras and to import them directly into Adobe Photoshop.

Photoshop 7.0

Adobe Photoshop CS (8.0) – released in October 2003 for Mac OS X and Windows. The plug-in Camera RAW was updated to version 2.x. The Slice tool also underwent major improvements. Shadow\Highlight and Match Color commands were added. Lens Blur filter and Smart Guides were included as well. Histogram now works in real-time.

Beginning from version 8 the product changed its name to Adobe CS. The CS abbreviation means that several applications are now integrated into one software package – Adobe Creative Suite. The following products are included into Adobe Photoshop package: Adobe Illustrator, Adobe InDesign, Adobe GoLive, Adobe Acrobat Professional, Version Cue, Adobe Bridge , Adobe Stock Photos and Dreamweaver 8 (after Macromedia was sold to Adobe). The logo was changed as well. Now it has feathers instead of an eye.

Photoshop CS (8.0)

Adobe Photoshop CS2 (9.0) – released in April 2005 for Mac OS X and Windows. Here the Camera RAW plug-in was updated to version 3.x. Smart Objects and other features were added, including: Image Warp, Lens Correction, Smart Sharpen, Vanishing Point. New Spot healing brush and Red-Eye tools were introduced. Layer editing was also improved.

Photoshop CS2 (9.0)

Adobe Photoshop CS3 (10.0) – planned to be released in spring 2007 for Mac OS X and Windows. You can download and try the beta-version of Photoshop CS3. The user interface underwent considerable reconstruction. Some new features were added: Smart Filters, Refine Edge, Auto bend Layers, Auto Align Layers, Black and White Conversion. You can read more about the new features in this tutorial.

Photoshop CS3 (10.0)

Hope my tutorial helped you to remember the whole history of Photoshop creation and now you’ll be able to use it more effectively.


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